Tutorial Resources: Qualitative and Quantitative Paradigms/Methods

Here are some resources I have used to help students understand the differences between qualitative and quantitative paradigms:

Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research

This video walks students through the ins and outs of generalizations.


In my research methods course, students are focusing on a neighbourhood in Vancouver to do mixed-methods research for their course project. Here’s a video that I believe shows the importance of quantitative data for sustainable city planning in anticipation for future urban growth.

Urban areas in East Asia are growing, spilling over city boundaries, merging with each other. Today 40% of urban areas include more than one municipality, making it difficult to plan and manage efficient, sustainable and inclusive urban growth.

These two videos below exemplify the importance of qualitative research for understanding how defensive design and planning in urban spaces/cities can be exclusionary and further the marginalization of vulnerable populations. These two videos are great because they focus on the same object — benches.

Dutch designer Wouter Corvers is 6 ft 7 inches tall, and unsurprisingly is acutely aware of the ways in which public spaces aren't made for people his height. So he set himself a challenge.

That bench won't be yours forever. When designing urban spaces, city planners have many competing interests to balance. After all, cities are some of the most diverse places on the planet. They need to be built for a variety of needs.


The professor in my research design course has an assignment where students use photography as a qualitative research tool in a public space. They have to create a photographic narrative to stitch the photos together to answer a variation of the following: How do people create ‘public space’?; How do we make public space good?

I vetted YouTube for videos that show how photography can be used as a research method. It was hard to find one that did justice. Until, I came across a video of Belarusian photographer Andrei Liankevich filmed by FK Magazine. Liankevich discusses his approach to understanding post-WW2 and post-Soviet Belarusian identity through photography.

Andrei Liankevich is one of the most well-known photographers of Belarus, who mostly addresses historical and geopolitical issues in his works.